NCERT Solutions Class 12 English Vistas Chapter 3 -The Enemy

NCERT Solutions Class 12 English Vistas Chapter 3 -The Enemy

here you can get the NCERT solutions for class 12  English  Vistas chapter 3 The Enemy!  We have Covered the all solutions of  NCERT  textbook English   Vistas Chapter 3.
Solutions Class 12 English Vistas Chapter 3
The Enemy

Page No: 24

Read and Find Out

1. Who was Dr Sadao? Where was his house?


Dr Sadao Hoki was an eminent Japanese surgeon and scientist. He had

spent eight valuable years of his youth in America to learn all that could

be learnt of surgery and medicine there. He was perfecting a discovery

which would· render wounds entirely clean. Dr Sadao's house was built

on rocks well above a narrow beach that was outlined with bent pines. It

was on a spot of the Japanese coast.

Page No: 27

1. Will Dr Sadao be arrested on the charge of harbouring an enemy?


Dr Sadao knew that they would be arrested if they sheltered a white

man in their house. The wounded man was a prisoner of war who had

escaped with a bullet on his back. Since Japan was at war with America,

harbouring an enemy meant being a traitor to Japan. Dr Sadao could be

arrested if anyone complained against him and accused him of

harbouring an enemy.

Page No: 31

1. Will Hana help the wounded man and wash him herself?


The wounded American was in a very bad state and needed to be

washed before being operated on. Hana did not want Dr Sadao to clean

the dirty and unconscious prisoner, and so asked their servant, Yumi, to

do so. However, Yumi defied her master’s order and opted out of it. As a

result, Hana had no other option but to wash him herself. Although this

act was impulsive and dipped in a sense of superiority over her servant,

Yumi, she did it with sincerity.

Page No: 35

1. What will Dr Sadao and his wife do with the man?


Dr Sadao and Hana found an unconscious wounded war prisoner who

posed a huge threat to their own safety. However, Dr Sadao decided to

go with his gut feeling and operate on him. He saved his life even though

it was for the time being. Though half heartedly, both took good care of

the patient’s health and other needs. Hana even washed and fed him

with her own hands. Although they knew that they would have to hand

him over to the army sooner or later, they did their best to help the

injured man.

Page No: 39

1. Will Dr Sadao be arrested on the charge of harbouring an enemy?


Dr Sadao, on humanitarian grounds as well as professional grounds,

tended a wounded war prisoner which was officially a serious crime.

However, he did not get punished for this offence as it was never

revealed to anyone, except his wife, loyal but timid servants, and a

General who was too self-obsessed with his own treatment that he

would never let the doctor leave him.

Page No: 43

1. What will Dr Sadao do to get rid of the man?


With the injured American's health gradually improving, Dr Sadao and

Hana were in a fix as to what should be done with him. Their loyal

servants had left them and keeping him in their house could pose a

threat to their lives. As Hana’s impatience and distress grew, Dr Sadao

revealed the matter to the General who decided to send assassins to kill

the young American in his sleep. Keen on getting rid of the escaped war

prisoner, Dr Sadao agreed. However, the matter could not be resolved

because the assassins never came.

Dr Sadao then planned another way to get rid of him which was

overpowered with sympathy and a distant gratitude towards the people

he had been linked to in America. He decided to save his patient one

more time. He secretly sent him to an isolated island with food, bottled

water, clothes, blanket and his own flashlight on a boat from where he

boarded a Korean ship to freedom and safety.

Page No: 47

Reading with Insight

1. There are moments in life when we have to make hard choices

between our roles as private individuals and as citizens with a sense of

national loyalty. Discuss with reference to the story you have just read.


Dr. Sadao encounters with the dilemma-to live as private individual

whose moral and ethical responsibility is to save the soldier & second is

a Japanese to make the soldier arrest.

So as a doctor and as an individual his first job is to save man-takes

ethical responsibility, he risks his life, fame and social status- takes him

to his house and makes efforts to save him.

But his other side-sense of patriotism as well as nationalism also involves

a report to police, takes the general in confidence and plans to make

him killed but later on again helps the soldier in escaping off. Thus Dr.

Sadao personality is displayed.

2. Dr Sadao was compelled by duty as a doctor to help the enemy

soldier. What made Hana, his wife, sympathetic to him in the face of

open defiance from the domestic staff?


Dr Sadao and Hana knew that their decision to save the enemy soldier

would be questioned by everyone. However, they firmly followed their

sense of duty. For Dr Sadao this sense of duty came from the profession

he was in; but for Hana, the duty was purely humanitarian. From bearing

the unrest in her domestic staff to being forced to do all the chores of

house-hold herself, she does all with grace and dignity. Hana’s loving,

considerate and sympathetic nature shines out. She washed and fed the

soldier although it was not her job. Her care helped recuperate the

soldier fast. It is also apparent from the story that she respected her

husband, and as a sense of duty towards him, did the needful. This

explains why she, even after feeling sick, comes back to the room and

readily does whatever is told by her husband during the operation.

3. How would you explain the reluctance of the soldier to leave the

shelter of the doctor’s home even when he knew he couldn’t stay there

without risk to the doctor and himself ?


When the American war prisoner came to consciousness and realized

that he was saved by a Japanese family, he feared that he will be soon

handed over to the army. However, as he noticed the amount of

concern and care given to him by the family, he understood that he was

in safe hands. He knew that although he was a threat to the doctor’s

family, his own life might be saved there. Burdened with gratitude

towards the family, he ultimately decides to comply with what the

doctor planned for him - the escape.

4. What explains the attitude of the General in the matter of the enemy

soldier? Was it human consideration, lack of national loyalty, dereliction

of duty or simply self absorption?


The General was totally governed by self absorption. He was a patient of

Dr Sadao and did not trust anyone except him when it came to his

health. He could not take the risk of living unprotected if the doctor was

executed for treachery. He had personal assassins whom he promised to

use for killing the injured soldier. But ironically, he ‘forgot’ his promise to

help the doctor. Human consideration was not his cup of tea.

5. While hatred against a member of the enemy race is justifiable,

especially during war time, what makes a human being rise above

narrow prejudices?


News of war is fast becoming a way of life. The moment one picks up a

newspaper, one is bombarded with news of wars between different 

countries, directly or indirectly. It is obvious that the countries at war are

enemies and hatred is a part of this enmity. However the success of

humanity comes when we rise above this enmity and show our love

towards the civilization as a whole. Dr Sadao did the same. He did

whatever he could to save the life of a man whom he knew was a war

prisoner. The instant he saw the injured man, he was filled with concern.

Ignoring the fact that he was the enemy of his country and must have

killed so many Japanese and may kill even more, if alive, he saved him.

6. Do you think the doctor’s final solution to the problem was the best

possible one in the circumstances?


The doctor tried his best to save the injured soldier as a part of his duty.

But the ultimate question was what to do next. It cannot be said that he

betrayed his country as he told the truth to the General. However when

he noticed that the soldier was to be killed not for the benefit of the

country but only to save the doctor’s life, he decided to help him flee. In

such a situation, the doctor's final solution to the problem was the best

possible one.

7. Does the story remind you of ‘Birth’ by A. J. Cronin that you read in

Snapshots last year? What are the similarities?


The story definitely reminds one of “Birth’ by A. J. Cronin. There is a

striking similarity between both the stories. Both revolve around doctors

who try their level best to save the lives of nearly dead human beings. In 

the story ‘Birth’, Dr Andrew saves the life of an almost still born baby

boy with lot of effort, while ‘The Enemy’ deals with the story of Dr Sadao

who saves an American soldier from the enemy troops during the times

of war. Both the stories deal with humanity, love, affection, selflessness

and a strong sense of duty.

8. Is there any film you have seen or novel you have read with a similar



The story ‘The Enemy’ is built on the pillars of selflessness, sense of

duty, kindness and generosity. There have been many films and novels

based on this theme. One such example is the film ‘My Name is Khan’,

where the protagonist, with a sense of duty and generosity, goes to the

flooded Georgia to save the lives of his friends, Mama Jenny, Joel and

other natives. He selflessly works to save the town without thinking

twice about the possible dangers to his own life.

NCERT Solutions Class 12 English Vistas